|Volume 8, Issue 1, 2008||Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas|
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Mortgage Data Help Paint Foreclosure Picture
As national and regional foreclosure and delinquency rates escalate, community organizations, counseling agencies and policymakers need to obtain good-quality data to target at-risk borrowers and neighborhoods, understand foreclosure patterns and trends in local areas, and use limited resources effectively to mitigate foreclosure losses to individuals and communities.
Mortgage performance data typically are not publicly available and are usually expensive. The Federal Reserve System has aggregated loan-level information from the First American CoreLogic, LoanPerformance asset-backed securities database. The Federal Reserve created dynamic maps and made them available to the public beginning April 1, 2008.
The maps illustrate the conditions of securitized, owner-occupied, subprime and Alt-A mortgage loans across the United States. The maps are maintained by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York and can be found at www.newyorkfed.org/mortgagemaps.
Twelve variables on loan density, delinquency status, risk factors and imminent default signals are displayed in the maps. Definitions of the variables and explanation of the data sources are available in the website's technical appendix: www.newyorkfed.org/regional/techappendix_map.html.
More detailed statistics can be found in the accompanying data tables at www.newyorkfed.org/regional/subprime.html. The data include aggregated information in the following categories:
Universes used to calculate the shares or densities include the number of housing units (based on the 2000 census), the number of owner-occupied loans and ARM loans in the LoanPerformance database. More appropriate universes, such as the total number of mortgage loans in the geographic area, are not available. The database does not include the comparison data on loans securitized by government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs) or prime mortgages. It covers approximately half of all subprime and 90 percent of all Alt-A mortgage loans in the United States.
For loan performance data in the Eleventh District, contact the Community Affairs office of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
Texas Subprime Picture at a Glance
Based on the LoanPerformance data of December 2007, Texas ranks third in the nation in number of owner-occupied, securitized, subprime loans and seventh in foreclosure/real-estate-owned (REO) properties. Fourteen Texas counties have more than 3,000 owner-occupied, securitized, subprime loans. The following tables summarize a number of key characteristics according to their ranks among the 14 counties:
SOURCE: Federal Reserve estimates based on data from First American CoreLogic, LoanPerformance asset-backed securities database.
e-Perspectives, Volume 8, Issue 1, 2008