Texas Employment Forecast
Incorporating April job growth of 2.6 percent, a slight increase in Q4 2018 job growth due to the early benchmark revision, and a fourth consecutive increase in the leading index, the Texas Employment Forecast suggests jobs will grow 2.3 percent this year (December/December), with an 80 percent confidence band of 1.3 to 3.3 percent. Based on the forecast, 294,100 jobs will be added in the state this year, and employment in December 2019 will be 12.9 million (Chart 1).
“Job growth in the fourth quarter of 2018 was 2.6 percent instead of 2.4 percent,” said Keith R. Phillips, Dallas Fed assistant vice president and senior economist. “This small revision, along with continued gains in job growth and leading indicators, has resulted in a further increase in the job forecast for this year. While the manufacturing and mining sectors will likely slow from very strong growth in 2018, the overall economy is expected to remain quite strong. The current forecast suggests job growth this year will equal that of 2018. Gains likely would be even stronger, however, if it were not for the historically tight labor markets that have left many job openings unfilled.”
The Dallas Fed’s Texas Leading Index increased a healthy 1.5 percent over the three months ending in April (Chart 2). Growth was mostly positive across the components with the only negative signals coming from declines in permits for drilling new oil and gas wells and continued increases in the Texas value of the dollar. Gains in the value of the dollar make goods produced in Texas more expensive to consumers in other countries. The strongest positive signals came from declines in new claims for unemployment insurance, gains in the stock prices of Texas companies, and in oil prices. Mildly positive signals came from gains in help-wanted advertising and the U.S. leading index. Average weekly hours worked in manufacturing were also up slightly during this period.
Next release: June 21, 2019
The Dallas Fed Texas Employment Forecast projects job growth for the calendar year and is estimated as the 12-month change in payroll employment from December to December. The forecast reported above is a point estimate with 80 percent confidence bands; in other words, the true forecast lies within the bands on Chart 1 with 80 percent probability.
The Dallas Fed Texas Employment Forecasting Model is based on a transfer function that utilizes past changes in state employment along with past changes in the Dallas Fed Texas Leading Index (TLI). Changes in the TLI have an impact on employment with a lead time of three months, and the effect dies out slowly over time. The regression coefficients on lagged changes in employment and the TLI are highly statistically significant, and the model as a whole has been accurate relative to other forecasters over the past two decades.
The forecasting model has been in use at the Dallas Fed since the early 1990s, and the employment forecast has been published in the Western Blue Chip Economic Forecast (WBCF) since 1994. Phillips and Lopez (2009) show that the model has been the most accurate in forecasting Texas job growth relative to other forecasters in the WBCF. In particular, the model had the lowest root mean squared error and has been the closest to the actual the most times (nine of the last 17 years) out of five forecasters that have consistently participated in the survey.
For more details about the model and its performance, see “An Evaluation of Real-Time Forecasting Performance Across 10 Western U.S. States,” by Keith R. Phillips and Joaquin Lopez, Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, vol. 34, no. 2–3, December 2009.
For more information about the Texas Employment Forecast, contact Keith Phillips at firstname.lastname@example.org.